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מילון מונחים


Aikido (eye-key-doe)
    compound from "ai" (harmony), "ki" (spirit), and "do" (Way): the Way of harmonious spirit.
 
Aikidoka (eye-key-doe-kah)
    one who practices aikido, an aikidoist.
 
Aiki Taiso (eye-key-tie-so)
    aikido exercises.
 
Atemi Waza (ah-teh-me wah-zah)
    striking techniques.
 
Bokken (bow-ken)
    wooden sword used in practice.
 
Bushido (boo-she-doe)
    warrior's code; the way of the warrior.
 
Dan (don)
    aikido grade holder, black belt rank.
 
Deshi (day-she)
    student, pupil, disciple.
 
Dojo (doe-joe)
    training hall; place of the Way. in Buddhism also refers to the place of worship.
 
Doshi (doe-she)
    comrade, friend (used among fellow aikidoists).
 
Gaeshi (guy-eh-she)
    to reverse.
 
Gi (ghee)
    training clothing. (a synonym is keikogi.)
 
Hajime (ha-gee-may)
    beginning, begin (as a command). said by instructor to begin formal randori.
 
Hakama (hock-kah-ma)
    a divided, pant-like skirt: a formal Japanese garment also worn by aikido dan-grade holders.
 
Hanmi (hahn-me)
    a posture in which one foot is advanced one step and the body weight is distributed equally on both feet. triangular stance. literally means "half-body".
 
Hanmi Handachi (hahn-me hahn-dah-chee)
    a type of training in which nage is kneeling and uke approaches from a standing position.
 
Hantai (Hahn-tie)
    in reverse order.
 
Hara (Har-ah)
    one's physical and spiritual center. physically, in the lower abdomen a few inches below the navel.
 
Hidari (he-dah-ree)
    the left side.
 
Hiji (he-gee)
    elbow.
 
Irimi (ee-ree-me)
    to enter; entering.
 
Jiyu (gee-you)
    free, unrestricted.
 
Jiyu Waza (gee-you wah-zah)
    freestyle techniques/practice.
 
Jo (joe)
    wooden staff.
 
Kamiza (kah-me-zah)
    shrine; literally "seat of the spirit(s)".
 
Kaiten (kai-ten)
    to revolve or rotate.
 
Kata (kah-tah)
    1. shoulder; 2. form, a pre-arranged exercise.
 
Katate (kah-tah-tay)
    one hand (left or right).
 
Keiko (kay-koh)
    practice session; training.
 
Keikogi (ghee)
    training clothing. (a synonym is gi)
 
Ken (ken)
    Japanese sword.
 
Ki (key)
    spirit: the vital force of the body; universal energy; a stream or flow of positive energy.
 
Kiai (key-eye)
    a piercing scream or cry with practical and psychological value; literally "meeting of the spirits".
 
Kohai (co-high)
    student junior to oneself; someone with a lower rank or who attained the same rank at a later date. (see sempai)
 
Kokyu (coke-you)
    breath power; the coordination of ki flow with breathing.
 
Kokyu Dosa (coke-you doe-sah)
    a method of off-balancing and pinning your partner with ki instead of physical power.
 
Kokyu-Ryoku (coke-you ree-oh-kyoo)
    breath power.
 
Koshi (ko-she)
    hips, waist. (also sometimes spelled "goshi")
 
Kubi (coo-bee)
    neck.
 
Kyu (cue)
    the aikido ranks held by undergraduates, prior to attainment of dan ranking.
 
Ma-ai (ma-eye)
    distance between uke and nage. literally, "harmony of space".
 
Men (men)
    face, head.
 
Migi (mih-ghee )
    the right side.
 
Mudansha (moo-don-sha)
    someone who has not yet attained dan ranking: an undergraduate. (see yudansha)
 
Nage (nah-gay)
    a throw or the person who throws.
 
Obi (oh-bee)
    belt.
 
O'Sensei (oh-sen-say)
    Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of aikido; literally, "great teacher".
 
Randori (ran-door-ri)
    multiple attack.
 
Rei (ray)
    salutation, bow.
 
Ryote (ree-oh-tay)
    both hands.
 
Samurai (sam-oh-rye)
    military retainer (from the feudal period of Japanese history).
 
Sempai (sem-pie)
    student senior to oneself; someone with a higher rank or who attained the same rank at an earlier date. (see kohai)
 
Sensei (sen-say)
    teacher, instructor; generally a title earned at 4th dan.
 
Seiza (say-zah)
    formal sitting posture in which the insteps and shins rest against the floor.
 
Shiho (she-ho)
    four directions.
 
Shimi (she-me)
    choke.
 
Shodan (show-don)
    holder of the first grade of black belt.
 
Shomen (show-men)
    1. the front or top of the head; 2. the front of the dojo, where the kamiza is.
 
Suburi (suh-boor-ee)
    a single movement using the ken or jo, done as a solo practice.
 
Sutemi (suh-teh-me)
    a hard fall; literally "casting aside one's body".
 
Suwari Waza (sue-wah-ree wah-zah)
    seated techniques.
 
Tachi (tah-chee)
    1. Japanese sword; 2. standing (as opposed to sitting).
 
Tachi Waza (tah-chee wah-zah)
    standing techniques.
 
Tachi-Dori (tah-chee doh-ree)
    techniques of taking an opponent's sword.
 
Taijutsu (tie-jute-sue)
    body arts; the techniques of aikido performed without weapons.
 
Tai No Henko (tie-no-hen-ko)
    basic blending practice; literally "changing the body".
 
Tanto (tahn-toe)
    dagger.
 
Te (tay)
    hand.
 
Tegatana (tay-gah-tah-nah)
    hand blade; sword edge of the hand.
 
Tekubi (tay-koo-be)
    wrist.
 
Tenchi (ten-chee)
    compound from "ten" (heaven) and "chi" (earth); a position of the hands: one high and one low.
 
Tsuki (tski)
    thrust.
 
Uchi (ooh-chee)
    a strike.
 
Uke (ooh-kay)
    a person who receives an attack; generally speaking, the person being thrown.
 
Ukemi (ooh-kem-me)
    the art of receiving the energy of a technique; literally, "receive with the body".
 
Ushiro (ooh-she-row)
    back; behind; rear.
 
Waza (wah-zah)
    technique(s).
 
Yame (ya-may)
    stop (as a command). said by instructor to end formal randori.
 
Yokomen (yoh-koh-men)
    side of the head.
 
Yudansha (you-don-sha)
    black belt grade holder(s). (see mudansha)

 

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